The Petaluma City Council in February authorized spending up to $166,150 on a consultant to conduct polling, research, analysis and public outreach on the possible tax. It would cost $46,000 to put the measure on the ballot, according to an estimate at that time, making for a maximum combined cost of $212,150.
The costs of advancing the measure have prompted several elected officials to call for meticulous polling, which would either inspire confidence in moving forward to the ballot or give cause to call off the process. Many have cited the failure of 2014's Measure Q as a painful lesson. That proposed tax to fund several city services including road repair appeared to be sailing toward approval before voters shot it down at the ballot box 56.7 to 43.3 percent.
The pivotal issue for Measure Q, many have argued, was that the measure was proposed as a general tax, which allows a wider use of the revenue than a more narrow special tax. General taxes need a lower threshold to pass, yet voters in Sonoma County have appeared reluctant to approve them in recent years, ostensibly over concerns of how the money would ultimately be used.
Nobody wants to raise taxes.
State Sen. Steve Oroho doesnt want to raise taxes.
But he believes a hike in New Jerseys gasoline tax, the second-lowest in the country and unchanged since 1988, coupled with some tax restructuring, is more fair and preferable to what he terms a property tax explosion.
Oroho, a Republican from Franklin, is co-sponsor with Democratic state Sen. Paul Sarlo, of Bergen County, of legislation that would increase the states gas tax to 12.5 percent, which currently calculates to an increase of 23 cents per gallon. The actual tax would fluctuate with gas prices.
The goal of the proposal is to replenish the states Transportation Trust Fund, which is forecast to become insolvent this week.
That bill and an identical bill on the Assembly side have passed out of committees and could be brought to the floors of the Senate and Assembly for votes. Given that Democrats control both the Senate and Assembly and are generally in favor of the tax hike, approval could come as early as this week.
However, Gov. Chris Christie has signaled his opposition to the measure in its current form, and the Democrats would need some help across the aisle to mount a successful override of an expected veto.
Attempting to make the hike less egregious and attract more support, the proposal ties the increase to other tax reductions.
Most notable, and perhaps most controversial, is the eventual elimination of the estate tax, which is tagged a rich mans tax as it applies only to estates valued at $675,000 or more. Rationale for that change includes keeping the wealthy and their taxes from fleeing the state.
Other tempering facets of the proposed legislation include raising the retirement income tax deduction, increasing the earned income tax credit, and establishing a state income tax deduction for contributions to New Jersey charities that primarily provide health, welfare, or human care services to individuals in New Jersey.
Oroho says the trade-offs are a form of needed tax reform.
In particular, he points to the fact that about a third of the revenue from the state gas tax comes from out-of-state motorists, who would pay a share of any gas tax increase -- a more fair approach, as in a user fee. Absent that, the entire burden of paying for road and bridge maintenance that is not covered by the soon to be empty TTF would fall on already heavily hit New Jersey taxpayers. The explosion.
Opponents claim a gas tax increase would disproportionately impact working commuters who have no access to mass transit, which would include Sussex County, where about two-thirds of the workforce leaves for jobs elsewhere.
Additionally, some question whether the state, which is in a very deep financial hole, can afford to reduce any taxes in exchange for more gas tax revenue.
Without question, New Jerseys infrastructure is in need of some serious attention.
The Amerian Society of Civil Engineers, in its 2016 annual report card for infrastructure, gave New Jersey a grade of D-plus. Grades for 13 measured categories ranging from a B-minus for solid waste to a D-minus for levees and transit worked out to a GPA of D-plus. Categories specific to the TTF -- bridges and roads -- both received grades of D-plus.
But its not as though the civil engineers give glowing reports to any other states.
It should be noted that of the states measured so far by the ASCE, the highest grade given was a C-plus, achieved by Colorado in 2010 and Utah in 2015. The lowest was a flat D to Michigan and Tennessee for measurements in 2009.
In the same D-plus class with New Jersey were Arkansas, graded in 2014, and Indiana, graded in 2010.
Even so, the New Jersey report released this month said better than four in 10 of the states roadways are deficient, which means over 16,000 miles of roads are rough, distressed or cracked. Local motorists can quickly concur with that assessment.
Additionally, one in 11 bridges is categorized as structurally deficient.
Back to the state gas tax.
Those who believe they are getting a good deal with a relatively low gas tax and want to keep it low are being fooled, according to Oroho. Gas tax revenue is insufficient to pay for road and bridge maintenance, and the TTF is being propped up by the general fund, which falls on New Jersey taxpayers.
A plan that includes out-of-state drivers bearing part of the cost for state roads is logical, but is still a tough sell in a state where the gas tax is about the only thing less expensive than everywhere else.
Oroho is to be commended for putting forth a plan to address the states transportation needs, which are critical for its economic viability. In doing so, he has made himself a target of attacks and at odds with many in his own party.
Though not sold on the entire bill, Christie defended Oroho, saying, Some of the criticism of Steve quite frankly has been unfair.
In a radio interview Christie said Oroho sees all the money thats going from the general fund into transportation projects right now, that its only going to get greater and greater over time. Hes trying to correct a structural problem.
Many are quick to oppose any tax increase to ease the states transportation woes, but any alternative plans are in short supply.
Oroho, in touting his proposed legislation, repeatedly has said he was open to hearing any other feasible proposal.
Sadly, none has come forward.
Is the Sarlo/Oroho plan the best plan? At the moment, it seems the most viable.
During the recent LID foreclosure auction, it was mentioned that back utility fees would be due to the city after the sale. About 6 years ago, I bought several properties and later found out that over $5000 in back utility fees were "owed" on these properties. I consulted an attorney and was told that according to RCW 35.50.010, the only lien paramount and superior to the ULID lien is a lien for general taxes, which puts any city utility lien or a community club lien inferior to these ULID foreclosures. I went to the Mayor to present this and had the door slammed in my face. I then, under the freedom of information act, requested over 200 utility records, to find out that not only was the city charging new owners these fees, but they were taking LID funds and transferring that money to the city utility funds to bolster up the utilities.
I then went to the State Auditor and presented these facts over a two year period, and all I received in return was a lot of excuses. I then went to the Auditor's supervisor, and after a year received a letter back stating that they didn't have the resources to investigate this and that I should consult with the city's finance director.
I did that and found out that the $5,000 in back utility fees were magically waived. That same State Auditor is now the city's finance director. My advice to the wise is that you consult with your attorney before paying back utility fees and community club fees supposedly due as a result of a LID foreclosure.
ACE thanked for help
on student's project
I would like to express my deep gratitude and thankfulness to Ace Hardware/Buck Electric in Ocean Shores for donating $200 worth of supplies to my senior project. Their generous donation will help all future NBHS throwers in practice to get ready for competition. Thank you for all that you do for the North Beach community and the school.
West Virginia has been saving money for such a rainy day. But a bunch of brainless legislators spent part of the rainy day fund recently to avoid raising general taxes during an election year. They were most interested in getting re-elected, not in saving for what happened last week.
Traditionally, the spending plan has been discussed during the two regular June board of aldermen meetings and approved at the second meeting, or at a special meeting if last-minute changes are needed.
This year the city faces the absence of key budget planner City Clerk Kim Barfield who had begun accepting departmental spending requests prior to her May 15 automobile accident.
Mike Pigg, acting president of the board of aldermen, said there had been no discussion on budget preparation and no numbers had been submitted to aldermen.
"It makes sense to just go ahead and adopt the latest amended version of last year's budget," Pigg said.
Mayor Jeff Palmore declined to comment for this article.
For Police Chief Matt Mansell the upcoming budget is crucial because of the condition and mileage of his aging fleet of patrol cars.
The department purchased six new Ford Crown Victorias six years ago on a lease-purchase agreement that involved paying for one vehicle each year.
Four of the vehicles are now registering close to 200,000 miles.
"They're wearing out and need to be replaced," Mansell said. "If we can't get there, we can't protect the city."
Mansell submitted his department's budget to Barfield April 25, which includes a new lease-purchase of six Ford SUVs at an annual cost of $46,200.
"This would pay off one car each year," Mansell said. "But we'd have a new fleet."
Pigg said when the amended budget is adopted he wants to see the police cars included in the temporary spending plan.
"We can't move forward without police officers and police cars," he said. "We need to figure out how to do this."
Mansell said he selected the Ford SUV after comparing the performance of two other vehicles in the fleet, a Ford Taurus and a Chrysler Charger.
"The Taurus is pretty small inside and the Charger is not that easy to drive," he said. "The SUV is all wheel drive which will help on snow and is six-cylinder which will help on fuel costs."
The department recently acquired seven dashboard cameras that are presently in storage. They will not be installed on the aging vehicles, Mansell said.
The cameras record activities in front of the patrol car.
"The city of Eureka decided to replace their 2-year-old vehicle cameras with digital cameras and offered them to us for $100 each," Mansell said. "But it's not practical to install them on the old vehicles and have to take them off again when we get new vehicles."
The city budget consists of estimated revenue and proposed expenditures for operation of the city, including salaries, contract services, acquisition of equipment and materials and capital projects.
In addition to general taxes, the city collects a capital improvement sales tax, approved by voters, which must be spent on capital projects.
The water and sewer departments are operated independently of other departments. Each has its own fund, with revenue generated through water and sewer fees paid by residents. Each department's funds can only be spent on that department.
Additionally, three community improvement districts (CIDs) collect additional sales taxes to fund improvements within those districts.
"We can operate under the current budget until Kim (Barfield) returns," Pigg said. "We amend budgets when we need to."
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